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Meaning, Types, and Examples

Verbs form the basis of sentences and are used to express actions such as events, state of mind, or states. In the variety of verbs, the finite ones are the most important. Understanding the limited type of verb and its diverse forms is vital to creating grammatically correct and relevant sentences.

On this page, we’ll explore the meaning of the terms, types, and instances of finite verbs while highlighting their importance to English and language structure.

What are Finite Verbs?

Finite verbs identify the subject’s time, tense, and identity within sentences. They alter based on the subject matter and serve as the primary verb in sentences, giving vital details regarding the act, the state, or the event. Contrary to this, non-finite verbs, like infinitives or Gerunds, are not affected according to the subject. They don’t indicate tense, numbers, or the person.

Finite verbs: Types of finite verbs

There are two types of finite verbs.

  • Principal verbs are the primary function that the phrase is based on. They can be used by themselves or be joined by supporting verbs.
  • For instance, the verb “walked” in the sentence “I walked to the store” is a primary verb.
  • Additional verbs are utilized to aid the main verbs. They may indicate tense mo, od, or even aspect.
  • For instance, the verb “has” in the sentence “I have walked to the store” is an adjunct verb.

How to use finite words

Finite verbs are utilized precisely like the other kinds of verbs. They are used in the present past tense, present tense past participle, and other forms of tenses. For example, the word “walk” can be used in the following ways:

  • Present Tense: I walk to the market every day.
  • Past Tense: I walked to the shop yesterday.
  • Present participle I’ve walked past the shop several times.

Example Sentences of Finite Verbs:

  • He composes gorgeous poems. (Present tense)
  • It was a heartfelt letter. Wrote an empathetic letter. (Past tense)
  • She is planning to write the novel. (Future tense)
  • The team is playing football on the weekends. (Present tense)
  • We played board games last night. (Past tense)
  • The athletes will take part in a crucial match today. (Future tense)
  • Birds sing beautiful tunes. (Present tense)
  • The choir performed beautifully during the concert. (Past tense)
  • Children will perform carols throughout the holiday season. (Future tense)
  • He is running at the park each morning. (Present tense)
  • They took part in the marathon in the last month. (Past tense)
  • She will compete in the next race. (Future tense)
  • She studies books every single day. (Present Tense)
  • The kids take part in a ball in the parks. (Present Tense)
  • He is employed as a teacher. (Present Tense)
  • The guests can sing songs at the parties. (Present Tense)
  • The cat is asleep on the sofa. (Present Tense)
  • The students are studying hard for their tests. (Present Tense)
  • The sun shines brightly in the sky. (Present Tense)
  • The birds are flying in the early morning. (Present Tense)
  • The train is scheduled to arrive at 6:45 p.m. (Present Tense)
  • He takes a cup of coffee every morning. (Present Tense)
  • She was reading an article yesterday. (Past Tense)
  • The players took part in soccer this weekend. (Past Tense)
  • It was worked on the project all late into the night. (Past Tense)
  • It was a great time to sing,, singing tunes around the fire. (Past Tense)


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Jane S. King

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